10 Everyday Habits That Are Drying Out Your Skin
Dry, flaky skin can be frustrating, especially when you don’t know what’s behind it. Here, dermatologists give the low-down on the most common culprits.
Taking long, hot showers
We don’t blame you for wanting to turn up the temperature dial in your shower as hot as you can handle, but this seemingly harmless act of self-pampering will quickly leave you with dry skin. “Excessive exposure to water, especially hot water, can strip the skin of natural oils and disrupt the skin barrier,” explains Joshua Zeichner, MD, director of cosmetic and clinical research in dermatology at Mount Sinai Hospital in New York City. Instead, keep showers short—down to ten minutes or less—and temperatures no higher than 84° F, or the temperature of most heated pools.
Washing with harsh soap
You might think your average bar of soap is good enough to cleanse your skin, but you may be mistaken, especially if it contains harsh detergents and chemicals (who knew a bar of soap could be so intense?). “Traditional bar soaps use harsh cleansing ingredients called surfactants that have an alkaline pH,” explains Dr. Zeichner. “Alkaline products can disrupt the outer skin layer and prevent the skin from protecting itself properly causing dryness and irritation.” A gentle, unscented soap, like Dove or Aveeno, is a much better match for the slightly acidic pH of your skin and will fully cleanse without compromising the integrity of the skin, Dr. Zeichner adds.
Exfoliating too often
What causes dry skin? Exfoliating way too much. There’s a reason the directions on your exfoliating face scrub say to use no more than one to two times a week. While exfoliating can be extremely beneficial, especially for dry skin, over-exfoliating can lead to microscopic tears that result in inflammation, redness, dryness, and peeling. “The purpose of exfoliating is to remove dead cells from the surface of the skin and enhance radiance by allowing light to reflect off the skin surface,” explains Dr. Zeichner. But when you don’t allow enough time in between exfoliations, the exfoliant removes healthy skin instead of dead skin. Stick to using exfoliating washes once or twice a week at most and reach for brands that contain ingredients like salicylic acid or glycolic acid. “These ingredients dissolve the connections between skin cells so that the cells gently exfoliate from the skin surface,” Dr. Zeichner says. Plus, you may want to learn how to ensure that your face isn't aging faster than the rest of you.
Using the wrong moisturizer
If your skin is usually on the drier side, you make think slathering on a moisturizing lotion is the answer, but in fact, you should stay away from them, especially ones that contain fragrance. These can make your skin more irritated. “Lotions are water-based with low oil content, so they are not well-absorbed by the skin and quickly evaporates, which can dry your skin out even more,” explains Jerome Garden, MD, director of the Physicians Laser and Dermatology Institute in Chicago. For really dry skin, he recommends creams like CeraVe or Cetaphil, or ointments such as Aquaphor or Vaseline. “These create a layer of oil that helps lock in the natural moisture of your skin.” For best use, apply your cream or ointment directly after showering—just pat your skin dry first to make sure that the cream soaks in properly.
Not drinking enough H2O
You’ve probably heard the 8×8 rule, which states you should drink eight eight-ounce glasses of water a day minimum. This is a good rule to follow, especially since your body’s lack of hydration affects your skin too. “Not drinking enough water can show up on your skin, causing it to become fatigued and less plump,” says Dr. Garden. “Try to increase your water intake on a daily basis and see if that helps your skin to glow.”
Using harsh laundry detergents or fabric softeners
Just like the soap you wash your face and body with in the shower, your detergent of choice can impact your skin long after you’ve taken off your clothing and can be what causes dry skin. “If you use a fragranced detergent, then the fragrance itself may be enough to cause skin reactions,” says Dr. Zeichner. Instead, he recommends an unscented or hypoallergenic detergent like Seventh Generation or Method. Additionally, Dr. Zeichner warns against using too much detergent. “Many of the newest washers are known as ‘high efficiency’ machines and require half as much detergent as you may be used to using,” he says. ” If too much detergent is used then it may become lodged between fibres of the fabric and rub up against the skin causing irritation.”
Over-using products that contain retinol
The topical wrinkle reducer is one of the best-studied ingredients for fighting signs of aging, but applying too much or applying it too frequently may lead to skin irritation and dryness. “During the first two to four weeks of using retinol, the skin cells undergo a process called retinization, during which skin cells adjust to the retinol,” explains Dr. Zeichner. “You must be cautious during this period because the skin can easily become dried out.” He recommends applying one pea-sized amount of retinol to cover the whole face and apply it every other night. In addition, you can apply a moisturizer to the face before the retinol to keep the skin hydrated and primed to receive it.
Being face-focused and forgetting the body
“The skin is the largest organ of the body, and the face only makes up 4.5 percent (the entire head is 9 percent),” says Margarita Lolis, MD, a dermatologist in Hackensack, NJ. “Dry skin on the body can make you more prone to eczema and itchiness.” She recommends looking for products that contain humectants and ceramides, which offer the most moisturizing effect. And don’t forget some less-obvious areas like your feet, elbows, knees, and scalp. “Dandruff, or seborrheic dermatitis, can result from dry scalp,” she says. “Let your conditioner lather for at least five to eight minutes so it can serve as a moisturizer for your scalp.” Try these expert ways to repair your skin while you sleep.
Not using a humidifier, especially in winter
During the colder months of the year, when the temperatures drop, so does the humidity in the air. This is why you tend to have drier, cracked skin in the fall and winter and more supple skin during the spring and summer. A cool-mist humidifier, like Dyson’s Hygienic Humidifier, can also help add moisture back into the air in your home.
Getting overly aggressive treatments
Think twice before booking that chemical peel at your local spa, warns Marina Peredo, MD, a dermatologist in Smithtown, NY, as they’re not ideal for those with dry, irritated, or sensitive skin. Lighter peels, like at-home glycolic acid peels, are a better bet, as they work to remove the top layer of the skin and allow moisture to penetrate more readily. “What isn’t good is using a peel that is too potent on skin already irritated by wind or cold,” she says. “Opt for a more soothing oxygen facial or try a moisturizing mask in colder months.”
Medically reviewed by Elizabeth Bahar Houshmand, MD.
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