These Hair Mistakes Are Giving You Split Ends
Once split ends start popping up, it seems like there’s no stopping them—but there is hope.
The heartbreak of damaged hair
Even if you purchase top hair products and take extra care, you can still end up with split ends, warns Mackenzie Day, stylist and owner of The Artist Haus in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. According to the hair gurus at L’Oréal, some people are just more prone to fraying than others; also, the wind, sun, and dry weather can make trouble more likely. You can also aggravate the issue with the way you manage your locks: Beware of the habits that encourage split ends. (Psst: Learn how a good hair day can dramatically improve your mood.)
You always have your hair up
Rethink your style if you throw your hair in the same ponytail or topknot every day. “If you wear your hair up all the time in the same spot, that can cause a lot of stress to the area,” says Day. Over time, that tension could create breakage, especially if you tie your hair up when it’s wet or in a steamy shower. Day recommends using snag-free hair ties and switching up the position of your ponytail or topknot so the same spot isn’t always under pressure. (Here's the proper way to take care of your hair.)
You wash your hair every day
Shampoo strips away your hair’s natural oils. Do it too often, and your tresses will get dry. “Once you create more dryness, you create more knots,” says Paul Labrecque, founder, creative director and master stylist and colourist at Paul Labrecque Salon & Spa. Once you start trying to tear through those knots, he says, you could end up ripping the hair and creating split ends. (Psst: Learn about the "no 'poo" method of hair care.)
You over-use clarifying products
As long as you’re using decent hair products, there’s really no need to use clarifiers regularly, says Lorean Cairns, founder and CEO of the International Salon Group, Fox and Jane, Skin Habit, and Little Lion Salon. In fact, those products could do more harm than good. “They’re pulling nutrients out,” says Cairns. They’ll end up damaging your hair by making tangles and split ends worse. Shampoos with sulfates also tend to dry out hair and make it prone to split ends and breakage, she says. (Psst: This hair care ingredient could be damaging your hair.)
You use your hands when rinsing
To avoid split ends, don’t rough up your hair when you’re shampooing and conditioning. “That can create a lot of work for you during detangling, and frizz and flyaways,” says Cairns. Brush through once with your wide-tooth comb, then just let the water run down to rinse.
You rub a towel over wet hair
While roughly towel-drying hair won’t directly cause split ends, it will create knots. Once you try getting those knots out, you’ll end up ripping your hair, says Labreque. Prevent split ends by wrapping a towel around your head after your shower instead. “You won’t create knots because you’re wrapping the hair in a free-fall,” he says. (Here's how to repair damaged hair with items you have at home.)
You brush wet hair
Wet hair is more fragile than dry, so brushing through it can create damage, says Cairns. “Wet hair will become bendy and stretchy because the elasticity has changed, and it will just snap,” she says. Use a wide-tooth comb in the shower before rinsing out your conditioner to keep knots at bay while avoiding split ends, she says. Day recommends using a detangler spray and a Wet Brush, which has flexible nylon bristles that are gentle on hair.
You start your brush at the top of your head
When brushing your hair, you might automatically start at the roots and work your way down your head. But doing that will actually make your knots worse. “You’re forcing the tangles to compact to the bottom of the hair,” says Cairns. “It’s still tangled and gets worse.” Start at the ends of your hair, then work your way up to the midshaft before combing through the roots, she says. (Also, are you making these hairstyling mistakes?)
You don’t use your blow dryer’s accessories
You already know blow drying your hair can create heat damage. “People put it too close to the hair, and it singes the hair,” says Day. To avoid damage, dig out the concentrator that came with your blow dryer, she says. The duckbill-like attachment not only directs the airflow but also adds a couple of inches between your hair and the tool’s hot metal.
You’ve had the same blow dryer for years
“Blow dryers have a shelf life,” says Cairns. “I’ve had many clients with significant areas of breakage and it looks like the hair is melted. The common denominator is generally, ‘I’ve had my blow dryer for ten years or six years.’” An old blow dryer might seem like it works fine when it’s secretly doing major heat damage, she says. Over time, it’s harder for the blow dryer to avoid overheating. Your hair will dry faster than ever but at the price of your hair health. (You may want to upgrade to the Dyson AirWrap.)
You’re a hot tool addict
Time to break the habit if you use a curling iron or straightener every day. The high heat can kill the proteins in your hair. “Even though the hair doesn’t have feeling-sensitivity and we can’t feel when we’re overheating it, it doesn’t mean the nutrient makeup of that hair can withstand those levels,” says Cairns. She recommends using a protective serum every time you use heat to create a barrier between the tool and your hair. (Your hot tools can also be the reason your hair won't grow.)
You rush your flat iron
Keep it slow and steady when using a flat iron. “People usually go fast on the same spot over and over and over, and they will absolutely cause damage that way,” says Cairns. Take a thin section of your hair, and use a comb as you glide over each piece with the straightener. You’ll only have to go over each section once, or twice at most. (Also, here's how you can reduce hair breakage this winter.)
You skip your regular trims
Prevention is key, but once your hair starts to split, no product can fix it. Your only option is to cut the damage off. “Trims are important because they cut split ends off so they don’t climb up the hair and cause more split ends,” says Day. She says getting a trim every six weeks is a good rule of thumb, though you might need to go more or less often, depending on how well you treat your hair. Even with healthy hair, though, you should never go more than four months between cuts, she says.
You get colour but no cut
Hair colour can change your hair texture, especially if you’re going from dark to light. Don’t get your hair coloured without asking for a trim afterward. “It’s important to get the ends trimmed after colour services to help maintain hair health and improve the texture of the hair,” says Day.
Now that you've learned what's giving you split ends, learn what your hairstylist won't tell you.