14 Foods You Had No Idea Could Give You Food Poisoning

Food experts reveal the foods that are the most likely to give you food poisoning. Plus, tips on how to avoid getting sick.

1 / 15
food poisoning

Foods that could make you sick

Nearly everyone has had food poisoning at least once. Every year, more than four million Canadians will get sick from a contaminated meal, according to the Government of Canada. Food poisoning can even be life-threatening, though the common symptoms tend to be cramping, diarrhea, and vomiting. Not fun.

You know that undercooking poultry or ground beef can raise your risk, but there are other foods that can expose you to the bacteria—E. coli, listeria, and salmonella and more—that can have you retching. We spoke with food experts who revealed the unexpected foods that can give you food poisoning, and how to avoid them.

2 / 15
food poisoning

Sunny-side-up eggs

What's not to love about an oozy egg, especially over biscuits and gravy or a corned beef hash? Potential salmonella infection, that's what. Salmonella is among the most common causes of food poisoning. It can turn up in your egg courtesy of an infected laying hen.

How to avoid food poisoning

The risk is relatively rare, but if you're feeding little kids, the elderly, or anyone with a compromised immune system, cook the egg thoroughly to kill off any dangerous bacteria. Opt for hard-boiled, thoroughly scrambled omelette, or over-well eggs. Another option, says Francisco Diez-Gonzalez, PhD, professor and director of the Center for Food Safety at the University of Georgia in Griffin, is pasteurized eggs.

3 / 15
food poisoning

Rotisserie chicken

A piping-hot rotisserie chicken from the grocery store is a quick and tasty meal—just be sure to eat it while it's still hot. If you leave it on the counter for a couple of hours, any bacteria on the bird could begin to flourish. (This is true if you roast your own chicken, as well.) "You have to assume that the raw chicken and its juices are contaminated," says Patricia Griffin, MD, chief of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's Enteric Diseases Epidemiology Branch, and act accordingly.

How to avoid food poisoning

Bacteria can double every 20 minutes at room temperature; keep your food out of the danger zone—between 40 degrees Fahrenheit and 140 degrees Fahrenheit—until you're ready to eat it. If you left the chicken on your counter for more than two hours, you're best off throwing it out.

"Cut up the rotisserie chicken in pieces so they cool quickly to a safe temperature," says Marianne H. Gravely, senior technical information specialist at the Food Safety and Inspection Service at the USDA.

If you're cooking your own roasted chicken, don't wash it—you'll only spread germs. Instead, focus on cooking it to the right temperature. According to the USDA Meat and Poultry Roasting Chart, the bird should be cooked until the internal temperature is 165 degrees Fahrenheit, which amounts to about 20 to 30 minutes per pound (with an additional 15 to 30 minutes if it's stuffed) at 350 degrees Fahrenheit. If you're not sure why your stomach is feeling off, here's how to tell the difference between a stomach bug and food poisoning.

4 / 15
food poisoning

Chicken liver

Some people may choose to chicken liver on the underdone side, but that could be a very risky choice, explains Dr. Griffin. It's still chicken, and the livers can be loaded with the bacteria campylobacter, she warns.

How to avoid food poisoning

Be wary of recipes and menu items that recommend preparing the delicacy "lightly sautéed." The livers should reach an internal temperature of 165 degrees Fahrenheit and have a crumbly texture.

5 / 15
food poisoning

Burgers

Ground beef, pork, and poultry can be problematic because any pathogens on the surface before its ground ends up getting into all those little nooks and crannies. As with any meat, points out Gravely, "colour is not a reliable indicator of doneness." For example, sometimes beef can look a bit pink, she says, even if it's cooked to a safe temperature. "And sometimes it can look brown when it's not a safe temperature." Keep everyone safe and healthy with these grilling guidelines.

How to avoid food poisoning

A food thermometer is a must. Ground beef and pork must be cooked to at least 160 degrees Fahrenheit. Ground turkey—which is particularly tricky because it looks less pink even in its raw state—and chicken should be cooked for 165 degrees Fahrenheit, according to the USDA's Safe Minimum Cooking Temperature Guidelines.

6 / 15
food poisoning

Tuna

If it smells okay, it's probably okay, right? Wrong. When raw fish isn't stored properly before it's cooked, it can develop scombroid poisoning—a type of food intoxication, according to the Government of Canada. For example, tuna is especially prone to this type of toxicity (other culprits include bluefish, mahi-mahi, and abalone). Infected fish can taste burnt or peppery. In addition to the regular gastro-misery, you may experience a rash on the face and upper body, flushing, and sweating.

How to avoid food poisoning

Order fish only in reputable restaurants. When you cook your own, bring the fish into the refrigerator as quickly as possible (so when grocery shopping, pick up the fish last, stick it into a cooler in your car, and go directly home). Raw fish should be cooked to 145 degrees Fahrenheit. Leftovers should be reheated to 165 degrees Fahrenheit and eaten within two days.

7 / 15
food poisoning

Leafy green salads

Consider this not an excuse to skip your vegetables, but an important reminder to wash (or cook) them well before eating and staying aware of recalls. Leafy greens are particularly tricky because they're eaten as salads and not cooked—so proper washing is essential. After all, farms are not pristine: potential pathogens are everywhere, including in bird poop, fertilizer, ticks, tainted water, or as the result of poor hygiene.

How to avoid food poisoning

Some bacteria can stick to the lettuce and even get into it, says Dr. Griffin. So washing won't guarantee a bacteria-free leaf, but it can knock off dirt and reduce the risk of germs. Place the odds in your favour by buying greens that are in the best possible shape. "Look for leaves that are firm and crisp," says New York City nutrition coach Maria Marlowe, author of The Real Food Grocery Guide. For packaged lettuce, avoid the slightest sign of sliminess—"bacteria can spread quickly," she says. For fresh herbs, she says, "make sure the leaves are firmly attached to the stem and have no sign of brown or black spots." Finally, triple-wash your lettuce before you eat it. "Don't just rinse it, " she says, "but fill a large bowl with cold water, tear the leaves into the bowl, submerge and swirl with your hands for a minute or two, then lift the leaves into a strainer and dump the water." Repeat twice more, then wipe or spin dry.

8 / 15
food poisoning

Sprouts

The sultry environment needed for a seed to sprout and grow is also the condition of choice for bacteria. "The contamination happens typically in the seed, and when it starts to sprout the bacterial cells also get inside the plant, so washing the surface may not necessarily help," says Diez-Gonzalez.

How to avoid food poisoning

As of yet, there's no 100-percent foolproof way for rendering raw sprouts pathogen-free. Your safest bet is to cook them before eating them, or skipping them altogether.

9 / 15
food poisoning

Potato salad

A whole host of microscopic critters can grow in improperly handled potato salad—especially if you get it at a deli, where cross-contamination with deli meat and cheese can occur. Contrary to popular belief, the problem is not the mayonnaise, says Gravely—it's the potatoes. "When vegetables are cut up, there are more surfaces exposed to potential pathogens," she says, "and the potato is cooked and soft as opposed to raw and hard, which also makes it more accessible to bacteria."

How to avoid food poisoning

Purchase your potato salad at a clean, reputable place, keep it chilled, and consume it within three days.

10 / 15
food poisoning

Melons

A few years ago, a massive cantaloupe recall traced the problem to water contaminated with listeria in the packing house. The trouble with melons—as well as other fruit with a tough peel—is that, because you don't eat it, you may be a tad lackadaisical about cleaning it. But once you're slicing through it, your knife can pick up any pathogens and pass them onto the edible portions.

How to avoid food poisoning

"Don't just rinse your cantaloupe, scrub it down and wipe it dry before you cut it open," says Diez-Gonzalez. And after you slice it up, store the melon in the fridge and plan to polish it off within three days (or toss the rest). Also, make sure you follow these rules this summer to avoid food poisoning.

11 / 15
food poisoning

Apple cider

It may be tempting to stop by a roadside stand to try the fresh cider—especially if you're with kids who are "so thirsty"—but proceed with caution. When apples (and other fruits) are pressed, any bacteria on the outer surface can get into the juice.

How to avoid food poisoning

While healthy adults can fight off the illness, kids, the elderly, and anyone with a weakened immune system may not. To be safe, ask if the juice has been treated for safety, says Dr. Griffin. If not, head to the supermarket and look for a carton that indicates the juice has been pasteurized. (Check out these everyday habits to naturally boost your immune system.)

12 / 15
food poisoning

Flour

Flour is ground grain: If that grain has bugs in it, warn government food safety experts, those bugs can survive the milling process and end up in your pantry. That's why even eggless batter and dough are still potentially risky.

How to avoid food poisoning

Always wash your hands after working with flour (that includes flour used for preparing tortilla and pizza dough).

13 / 15
food poisoning

Cucumbers

Contaminated cucumbers were the source of multiple salmonella outbreaks in recent years. Unlike many vegetables, they're rarely cooked so you're prone to any pathogens that might be on the peel. This is true even if you don't end up consuming the peel itself. Your knife blade picks up germs from the surface as you begin to slice and spreads them to the edible portions with every cut. "Ready-to-eat products are higher risk than those that go through an [pathogen] inactivation step," says Sterling S. Thompson, PhD, president of B&G Safe Food Consulting, in Middletown, Pennsylvania. Plant foods as a group accounted for 14 outbreaks and 1,339 illnesses in 2017, the most recent year with available CDC stats.

How to avoid food poisoning

Be sure to scrub cucumbers with water and a produce brush whether you're eating the peel or not. Wipe them dry and trim the bruises before you slice and serve. You also probably don't want to reheat these foods in a microwave.

14 / 15
food poisoning

Red kidney beans

The issue with red kidney beans isn't bacteria but a special kind of lectin. Lectin is a protein, and red kidney beans happen to have a type called "red bean lectin" (or phytohaemagglutinin). If it isn't

How to avoid food poisoning

Don't just soak your red kidney beans. Cook them in boiling water for a good half hour, advises the FDA's Bad Bug Book. Slow cookers won't work because the temperature never gets high enough. Or,  you can play it safe by using canned kidney beans.

15 / 15
food poisoning

Cream-filled pastries and pies

The problem with these treats is that they're prepared by hand and then eaten directly—without any additional baking. So you're trusting that whoever has prepared your dessert has indeed washed his or her hands well. In tests, the nasty bacteria staphylococcus turns up on the skin of about a quarter of the population. This means they can end up in your pastries. And you still face the bugs that can grow in improperly stored dairy if there's no baking, notes Thompson.

How to avoid food poisoning

If a cream puff craving hits, make sure you're buying from a reputable, clean place that's regularly inspected and certified, says Diez-Gonzalez.

While you're thinking about the foods you should probably stop eating, make sure you also know about these foods you should never eat raw.